UNESCO has listed Topkapi Palace as a World Heritage Site since 1985, and it’s one of the most famous museums in Istanbul.
After conquering Constantinople in 1453, Sultan Mehmet started building Topkapi Palace. In 1468, the first part of the building was finished. A lot of work was done on the palace until 1478.
Istanbul Archaeological Museum
Istanbul Archeology Museums is consisting of 3 central units. Museum of Ancient Oriental Works, Tiled Kiosk Museum and Archaeology Museum. Turkey’s first museum, nearly one million artefacts from various cultures were brought from the imperial lands. It is located near the Topkapi Palace.
The collection contains more than 15,000 archaeological fragments from the prehistoric, Assyrian, Mesopotamian, Akkadian, Sumerian, Roman, Egyptian, Greek also Byzantine periods, Islamic Arab units, Islamic.
Dolmabahce Palace – Istanbul Museum
Built by European architects on a 45,000 square meter area, Dolmabahce Palace has 46 halls, 285 rooms, six baths, and 68 baths.
The Dolmabahce Palace has a great collection of European antiquity, beautiful paintings, handmade silk carpets, and a 4.5-ton crystal chandelier that is the largest in the world.
The palace has significiant to the Turkish people, because Mustafa Kemal Ataturk who is the founder of the Turkish Republic, spent his last days here and passed away on 10. 11. 1938.
You can visit the clock museum, painting museum here.
Beylerbeyi Palace Museum
It’s on the Asian side of Istanbul, the Beylerbeyi Palace museum offers stunning views of the Bosphorus and the old city.
In addition to serving as the summer house of the sultans, Beylerbeyi Palace hosted foreign heads of state such as Queen Eugenie of France, Queen Elisabeth of Montenegro, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Russian Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich.
This museum in Istanbul is an excellent opportunity for visitors to see another incredible monument and learn more about the ancient empire on the other side of the Bosphorus.
Istanbul’s Rumeli Fortress Museum is a symbol of its conquest. Among the collection are cannonballs from the Ottoman period, especially those used in the win, cannons from the Beyazid II period and Late Period Ottoman cannons, various stone artefacts from the Eastern Roman Empire, and the Golden Horn chain.
The Rumeli Fortress museum has the most significant bastions of its time. Three viziers of Fatih Sultan Mehmet built Candarli Halil Pasha Tower, Zaganos Pasha Tower, and Saruca Pasha Tower, 22 meters tall. Saruca Pasha Tower has wooden floors and graphite writings from when it was used as a divanhane room and prison, which stand out with its acoustics.
The Great Palace Mosaics Museum in Istanbul (Buyuk Saray Mozaikler Muzesi)
Istanbul’s Great Palace Mosaics museum is in the Arasta Bazaar, next to Sultan Ahmet Mosque, on the grounds of the Great Palace, the former residence of the Byzantine emperors.
Initially, the Sultan Ahmet Mosque Bazaar was built on the remains of the peristyle section of the Great Palace.
Hagia Irene Museum
It’s a historical museum in Istanbul in the first courtyard of Topkapi Palace, close to and adjacent to Hagia Sophia.
The biggest Byzantine church in Istanbul hasn’t been turned into a mosque. Since 1985, this church has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Basilica Cistern – Istanbul Museums
Located southwest of Hagia Sophia, Basilica Cistern is one of Istanbul’s most beautiful historical structures.
A large cistern is 140 meters long and 70 meters wide.
There’s a water storage capacity of 100,000 tons in this 9,800 sqm museum in Istanbul. Inside the cistern are 336 columns, each 9 meters high.
According to Greek mythology, Medusa is one of the three Gorgonas, the female monsters of the underworld. Medusa, the snake-headed sister, turns people into stone when they look at her. One theory is that Gorgona’s paintings and sculptures were used to protect significant buildings and private places at that time, which is why Medusa’s head ended up in the cistern.
The museum is temporarily located in the Beyoglu building and is closed to visitors.