Turkey is the centre of Islamic culture and has wonderful musical traditions from the Eastern, Western, Mediterranean, and Middle East. Anatolia has a wide range of cultural differences, even in geographically close areas.
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Turkish Music Culture
Under the influence of geographical and historical features, Turkey’s cultural substructure is rich and combines various cultures. Colours like East, West, Middle East, Mediterranean and Islamic civilization are embellished.
Anatolia hosted different cultures for many years, creating a foundation for Turkish music culture. Islam’s acceptance in Anatolia and the Near East significantly impacted melody culture during the Seljuk and Ottoman periods. Until the mid-17th century, the Ottoman Empire was a major cultural centre.
During the 20th century, technological and social improvements changed music genres and preferences. Furthermore, religious, political, cultural, and social changes have significantly impacted Turkish music culture, types of songs, form, and structure.
Music Types in Turkish Culture and History
Turkish Folk Music
In areas where Anatolian culture is robust, Turkish folk music developed from the Central Asian steppe. It’s a synthesis of the musical cultures of the locals. Living a free life allowed Turks to interact with the cultures of their surroundings and improve as a result. Turkish Anatolian songs are influenced by Lydian, Phrygian, Hittite, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman arts.
Turkish art music
Social and cultural innovations came with the acceptance of Islam in Turkish society. As well as providing sovereignty in Anatolia, Turks were heavily influenced by other cultures. Turkish art music’s traditions have been affected by the works of El Kindî, Ibn-i Sina, and Farabi, and the present Turkish melody forms its foundation.
Turkey’s military song groups have been around since the beginning, and it’s one of the values they hold dear. There have been military music ensembles in Asian and Islamic states since the Huns, including drums, bells, pipes and nephras. During the Seljuk and Ottoman periods, these groups were known as tabilhane and mehterhane.
Popular Turkish Music
Now that consumption habits are changing and growing. The effect of these replacements on cultural products has also been seen in the song market. Turkish pop music, influenced by Western melody, continues to improve by emphasising its national values.
With the foundation of the Republic, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk made a significant contribution to the improvement of Western songs through his work in the field of tunes.
Many local and foreign musicians and conductors were in the Presidential Symphony Orchestra, also known as Mizikayihumayun, Maqam Caliphate, and Riyaseticumhur Orchestra. The orchestra presents the ground for introducing Turkish music to the world through regional and international concerts.
Turkish Musical Instruments
Our country has a lot of Turkish musical instruments, like;
Stringed instruments like Saz, Baglama, Ud, and Tar are famous.
Kabak Kemane, Kemence, Kanun, and Santur are the best bow instruments.
Ney, Klarnet, Zurna, Kaval, Cigirtma, Tulum, Sipsi, and Cifte make wind instruments.
Last but not least, Davul, Nagara, Tef, Kasik, Kudum, Nevbe, and Zil are the best.
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